ADVANTAGES OF INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGYInterventional radiology procedures are less invasive than general surgeries, and do not require patients to be under general anesthesia. In most cases procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis, although there may be patients that require a relatively short hospital stay for additional monitoring. Compared to surgical or other treatment options, interventional radiology is not only more affordable but ensures patients a safe alternative with a significantly shorter recovery time.
TYPES OF INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGY
- Angiography: The imaging of blood vessels to look for abnormalities with the use of various contrast media
- Balloon angioplasty/stent: The opening of narrow or blocked blood vessels using a balloon; may include placement of metallic stents
- Endovascular aneurysm repair through drain insertions, embolization, or the art of blocking abnormal blood arteries, vessels, or organs
- Chemoembolization: The process of delivering cancer treatment directly to a tumor through its blood supply, then using clot-inducing substances to block the artery, ensuring delivery of chemotherapy to the right place
- Line insertion: vascular access and management of specialized kinds of intravenous devices, e.g.: portacath, PICC line, etc...
- Inferior vena cava filter
- IVC filters: placing metallic filters in the inferior vena cava to prevent propagation of deep venous thrombus
- Nephrostomy: the placement of a catheter directly into the kidney to drain urine in situations where normal flow of urine is obstructed
- Gastrostomy: the insertion of a feeding tube into the stomach and/or jejunum
- Dialysis catheters and related interventions: placing tunneled hemodialysis catheters and peritoneal dialysis catheters
- TIPS: placing trans-jugular intra-hepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for management of select patients with critical end-stage liver disease and portal hypertension
- Biliary interventions: placing catheters in the biliary system to bypass biliary obstructions and decompress the biliary system, as well as the placement of permanent indwelling biliary stents
- Imaging studies guided biopsies: biopsies guided by CT scans, ultrasounds
Many diagnostic and interventional procedures involve preparations that the patient must perform prior to testing. These preparations are needed in order to complete the radiology examination. Instructions will be given by your referring physician who will provide you with all the details and addresses your questions and concerns prior to your appointment.